Jul 5, 2019

A bow-tie photoconductive antenna using a low-temperature-grown GaAs thin-film on a silicon substrate for terahertz wave generation and detection

This paper presents heterogeneously integrated bow-tie emitter–detector photoconductive antennas (PCAs) based on low-temperature grown-gallium arsenide (LTG-GaAs) thin-film devices on silicon-dioxide/silicon (SiO2/Si) host substrates for integrated terahertz (THz) systems. The LTG-GaAs thin-film devices are fabricated with standard photolithography and thermal evaporation of metal-contact layers of chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) and gold (Au). They are etched selectively and separated from their growth GaAs substrate. The LTG-GaAs thin-film devices are then heterogeneously integrated on bow-tie antenna electrodes patterned on the surface of a SiO2/Si host substrate for THz emitters and THz detectors. Cost-effective and selective integration of LTG-GaAs thin-film devices on a Si platform is demonstrated. THz radiation from the fabricated THz PCAs is successfully measured using a pump–probe THz time-domain configuration. The THz temporal duration was measured at full width half maximum of 0.36 ps. Its frequency spectrum exhibits a broadband response with a peak resonant frequency of about 0.31 THz. The demonstration illustrates the feasibility of creating heterogeneously integrated THz systems using separately optimized LTG-GaAs devices and Si based electronics.


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